Calendar Festival in India
Devotional India describes the importance and significances of several types of festivals such as National, Religious, Harvest and Seasonal Festivals and Arts festivals in India. Every festival has its teachings and significance.
1. National Festivals are observed with proud and have super-patriotic zeal. Republic day, Independence day, and Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday or Gandhi Jayanti are the three national festivals of India noted in all states and union territories.
2. Religious Festivals shows the religious association of people with the festival. The major religious festivals include Maha Shivaratri, Ram Navami, Raksha Bandhan, Holi, Deepavali, Krishna Janamastami, Durga-Puja, Dusshera, Eid, Muharram, Shab-e-Barat, Eid ul-Fitr, Id-e-Milad, Christmas, Good Friday, Easter Sunday, Vaisakhi, Guru Nanak Gurpurab, Paryushan, etc.
3. Seasonal and Harvesting festivals signify the reaping of crops and the cycle of seasons especially because of its outcome on food supply, as a result of which there is a broad range of ancient and modern harvest festivals. The important seasonal and harvesting festivals that are celebrated in India includes Pongal, Basant Panchami, Makar Sankranti, Lohri, Hareli, Onam, Baisakhi, Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu, etc.
4. Arts festivals are also more specific types of festivals that showcase intellectual or creative achievements such as science festivals, music festivals, and literary festivals. Art Festivals in India are sub-categorized into comedy festivals, poetry festivals, jazz festivals, rock festivals, theater festivals, Film festivals, and storytelling festivals; and re-enactment such as Renascence festivals.
People observe festivals in India with acts of worship, contributions to deities, feasting, fasting, vigil, rituals, exhibitions, charity, ceremonies, Puja, Homa, Aarti, etc. and some of the festivals are celebrated by the people of all religions in the whole nation. India is a country with an example of unity in diversity as it comprises people of various religions like Hindu, Sikh, Muslim, Christian, Jain, etc. Some of the festivals are celebrated at national level although some at regional level according to the religions and customs.
List of Festivals in India
Festivals in India
Date of Festival
|New Year’s Day||01 Jan||New Year’s Day is a national celebration observed on January 1st, the first day of the New Year and this celebration is often impressed by fireworks, ceremonies, and light over the last year while looking forward to the future’s hopes. People celebrate New Years in the fellowship of loved ones, including traditions meant to bring prosperity and success in the forthcoming year. For several honoring New Years, it is their opportunity to learn from the prior year and make positive changes in their life. It has graced a holiday associated with society, relationships, and introspection rather than a religious observance, although many people do still follow classical traditions.|
|Makar Sankranti||14 Jan||Makar Sankranti is one of the most traditional harvest festivals of southern India, mainly Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Pongal festival occurs in the middle of January every year and identifies the auspicious origin of Uttarayan (sun’s journey northwards). The Pongal festival serves for four days. This delightful Pongal celebration includes a drawing of waving, Kolam, & the cooking.|
|Pongal||15 Jan||Pongal is one of the most prominent festivals celebrated by Tamil people in the Tamil Nadu state, the Union Territory of India such as Puducherry, Sri Lanka, as well as Tamils globally. Thai Pongal resembles Makara Sankranthi; the winter harvest festival celebrated throughout India. In the Tamil, the word Pongal means “overflowing” signifying wealth and prosperity.|
|Guru Govind Singh Jayanti||16 Jan||Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti (also termed Govind Singh) is a Sikh festival that honors the anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh, who was born in the year 1666 to the ninth Guru of the Sikhs Guru Tegh Bahadur. It is a religious festival in which prayers for prosperity are offered. When he was just nine years old, he succeeded his father. His father had forfeited his life to protect the religious freedom of the people. He lived in a period which was filled with political uproar. Throughout this time the Mughals had terrorized the people ordering them to convert to Islam. Guru Gobind Singh dedicated his life to helping the helpless people fronting this exploitation and domination by becoming both a soldier and a saint. He was a saint with a great devotion to God and also a brave soldier who obeyed Kshatriya Dharma to fight against persecution and injustice.|
|Republic Day||26 Jan||26 January was accepted as the Republic day because it was on this day in 1930 when the Indian National Congress declared the Constitution of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) as opposed to the Dominion status offered by the British Government. It is one of three national holidays in India, the other two being Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti. India obtained independence from British rule on 15 August 1947 following the Indian independence movement regarded for broadly peaceful, nonviolent resistance and civil revolution led by Mahatma Gandhi.|
|Vasant Panchami||12 Feb||People celebrate Vasant Panchami (also called Saraswati Puja by Bengalis and Odias) with a belief of authentic blessing of Saraswati Devi, goddess of wisdom and the arts. Vasant Panchami is an important Indian festival observed every year in the month of Magh as per Hindu calendar. The significance of the day lies in the worship of Goddess Saraswati, symbol of wisdom and also the opening of the spring season.|
|Shivaji Jayanti||19 Feb||Shivaji Jayanti is being celebrated with traditional fervency in Maharashtra nowadays, and it is the 368th birth anniversary of “Maratha warrior king” Maharaj Chhatrapati Shivaji. Shivaji Bhonsle was an Indian warrior king and a member of the Bhonsle Maratha family. Shivaji shaped out an enclave from the declining Adilshahi sultanate of Bijapur that outlined the genesis of the Maratha Empire. People formally honored Shivaji Maharaj as the Chhatrapati (Monarch) of his kingdom at Raigad in 1674.|
|Guru Ravidas Jayanti||22 Feb||Guru Ravidass Jayanti, the birthday of Guru Sri Ravidass celebrated on Magh Purnima on the full-moon day of Magh month. It is the yearly focal duration for the Ravidassia religion. Every year a grand feast at Shri Guru Ravidass Janam Asthan Mandir, Varanasi takes place to mark the occasion accompanying with lakhs of devotees who came from all over the world to celebrate the festival. ‘Har’ is the sign for the Ravidassia Religion and has become more and more established over the decades precisely the last 2-4 decades.|
|Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati Jayanti||04 Mar||Dayanand Saraswati is a Hindu religious leader who established the Arya Samaj. He is a Hindu reform movement of the Vedic tradition. He was a great scholar of the Vedic knowledge and Sanskrit language. Swami Dayananda was the first to address the call for Swaraj as “India for Indians” in 1876 and later carried by Lokmanya Tilak. Branding the idealism and ritualistic worship widespread in Hinduism at the time, he worked towards strengthening Vedic ideologies. Consequently, the philosopher and President of India, Sri S. Radhakrishnan called him one of the “Makers of Modern India” as did Sri Aurobindo. Maharshi Dayananda advanced the doctrine of Karma (Karmasiddhanta in Hinduism) and Reincarnation (Punarjanma in Hinduism). He emphasized the Vedic ideals of brahmacharya (celibacy) and devotion to God.|
|Maha Shivaratri/Shivaratri||07 Mar||Maha Shivaratri is known as ‘The Night of Shiva’ during which devotees of Shiva perceive offering of Bael (Bilva) leaves to Shiva, jaagran, and religious fasting throughout the evening. People celebrate Mahashivaratri Festival or the with great devotion and religious enthusiasm in honor of Hindu Trinity Lord Shiva. Shivaratri comes on the 14th night of new moon in the Hindu month of Phalgun that corresponds to the month of February & March in English Calendar. Devotees celebrate day and night fast and offer ritual worship of Shiv Lingam to conciliate Lord Shiva. During Shivaratri festival, devotees wake up early and take ritual baths, optionally in river Ganga. Devotees visit the nearest Shiva temple to give ritual bath to the Shiva Lingum with milk, yogurt, honey, sugar, ghee, and water amidst the chanting of “Om Namah Shivaya’ and ringing of temple bells.|
Phagwah or Holi is a traditional spring festival. Holi commemorates the slaying of the Holika demonized by Prahlad (LordVishnu’s devotee). Hence, the festival’s name is derived from the Sanskrit words “Holika Dahanam”, which actually mean “Holika’s slaying”
|Good Friday||25 Mar||“Good Friday” or “Holy Friday” is a Friday immediately preceding Easter Sunday. It is celebrated traditionally as the day on which Jesus was nailed to a cross. Several Christian churches celebrate Good Friday with a moderated service, typically in the evening, in which Christ’s death is memorialized with divine hymns, prayers of thanksgiving, a message centered on Christ’s suffering for our behalf’s, and observance of the Lord’s Supper. Either or not Christians choose to celebrate Good Friday, the events on that day should be ever on our minds since the death of Christ on the cross—along with His bodily resurrection—is the paramount event of the Christian faith.|
|Easter Day||27 Mar||Many Christians in India celebrate Easter with exceptional church services, candlelight, music, flowers and the rings of church bells. Easter cavalcades are held in some countries such as the Philippines and Spain. Many Christians view Easter as the greatest festivals of the Fellowship year. It is a day of rejoicing and celebration to honor that Jesus Christ is risen, according to Christian belief. |
Jesus appears to everyone, saying he has risen from the dead to meet his Father. This miracle proved that he was no ordinary mortal.
|Chaitra Sukhladi||08 Apr||In Hindu calendar month Chaitra is considered a very auspicious month in which the creation of the universe was originated. “Chaitra” is also be used as a name with the sense of “Aries Sign” or “Spring.”|
Chaitramasi jagadbrahma sasarju prathamehaani Shukla paksha samagranthu thadaa suryodaye sathi Pravarthayaamaasa thatha kaalasya gananaamapi Grahantaaraan ruthoonmaasaan wathsaraanwathsaraadhipaan -Chaturvarga Chintamani
|Vaisakhi||13 Apr||Vaisakhi also known as Vaishakhi, Baisakhi, or Vasakhi refers to the Punjab region’s harvest festival; such festivals are primarily famous for the Sikh community as it signifies the establishment of the Khalsa which is also termed Khalsa Sirjana Divas. This day is also commemorated as a Thanksgiving day by farmers where farmers pay their tribute, and Vaisakhi is also the Punjabi New Year and thanking God for the abundant harvest and also praying for future prosperity.|
The harvest festivals is further characterized by Bhangra, a folk dance, which traditionally is a harvest dance.
|Mesadi/Vaisakhadi||14 Apr||Vaisakhadi or Mesadi is a festival for the harvest season. It is celebrated annually on April 14th or 15th. This Hindu holiday is a colorful festival of rejoicing and for the crop. Government and businesses remain open since it is a restricted holiday. Traditionally, it marks a new beginning as a New Year.|
|Ambedkar Jayanti||14 Apr||Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Babasaheb was an economist, Indian jurist, social reformer, and politician who inspired the Dalit Buddhist Movement and invaded against social discrimination fronting Dalits, while also supporting the rights of labour and women. He was an India’s Independent first principal architect and law minister of the Constitution of India. Mahatma Gandhi along with Ambedkar was instrumental in abolishing untouchability from the Indian society.|
|15 Apr||Rama Navami X one of the festivals celebration of the Sri Rama birth. Rama Navami is the day on which Lord Rama, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu, incarnated in the mortal form in the home of Ayodhya. He is the Ardha ansh of Vishnu or has half the distinctive qualities of Lord Vishnu. The word “Rama” actually means one who is divinely blissful and who gives cheerfulness to others. Ram Navami comes on the ninth day of the fresh fortnight of the month of Chaitra (April-May) and corresponds with Chait Durga Puja or Vasant Navratri. In some regions the festival is spread over nine days. This day, considering the birthday of Lord Rama is also observed as the marriage day of Rama and Sita and therefore also referred to as Kalyanotsavam. Temples re-enact the marriage of Lord Rama and Sita to commemorate this event since this day is also the day they got married. Ayodhya being the birthplace of Lord Rama, a huge festival is held with numerous devotees gathering to celebrate this festival. It extends for two days, and rathyatras, carrying the Deities of Ram, His lady Sita, his brother Laxman, his great devotee Hanuman are taken out almost from all Ram Temples.|
|Mahavir Jayanti||19 Apr||Mahavir Jayanti commemorates the birth of Mahavira, a peer of the Buddha, and the 24th and last great sages, Tirthankara. Mahavir Jayanti is the most prominent Jain festivals. It celebrates the birth of Martyr Mahavir in a small town called Vaishali. The significance of the festival owes to the truth that Saint Mahavir was the originator of Jainism as a religion. It is a peaceful religion that embraces simplicity. Their core values are such that they do not harm or kill even an insect. The attitude of this festival is also without any drama, just a quiet celebration concerning their saint. There are dominantly four kinds of Jains: Svetambaras and Digambars, Sthanakvasis and Deravasis. The worship rituals of Jains are not very showy or striking as their legend Mahavir in the ideal sense was against idol worship. Out of the four sectors, only Deravasis go to temples, while the others regard their perfect faith to be purest when internalized.|
|Hazarat Ali’s Birthday||21 Apr||Hazarat Ali, the 1st Muslim male who had accepted the Islam. Sunni and Shia were two wings of the Muslim community Ummah. People considered him as the 4th and last man of the Rashidun by the Sunnis population and was considered as the 1st Imam by the Shias community. He was the only person who born at the holiest place of Islam means Kaaba sanctuary in the Mecca. On this celebration day, Muslim people from all Islam communities come together to celebrate the Hazarat Ali’s Birthday as well as to share the real message of care and love among each other. People get engaged in preparing a variety of traditional dishes to enjoy and serve to the entire family.|
|Birthday of Ravindranath||08 May||Rabindranath Tagore, youngest son of Debendranath Tagore, a pilot of the Brahmo Samaj, which was a new religious division in 19th century Bengal and which attempted a preaching of the basis monistic of Hinduism as designed in the Upanishads. Rabindranath Tagore did his education at home; at 17 he went to England for formal schooling. However, Tagore did not complete his studies in England. In addition to his many-sided literary activities, In his mature years, managed the family estates with a project which brought him into intimate touch with basic humanity and developed his interest in social betterment. He also started an innovative school at Shantiniketan where he proposed his panishadic education. On a long run, he engaged in the Indian nationalist movement, though in his own non-sentimental and fantastic way. Gandhi ji, the political father of modern India, was his faithful friend. The ruling British Government designated Tagore in 1915, however within a few years, he resigned the honor as a protest against British systems in India.|
|Buddha Purnima/Vesak||21 May||Vesak (Buddha Jayanti / Buddha Purnima) is a festival in Buddhism that marks Gautama Buddha’s birth, enlightenment, and death. During Vesak, Buddhists pay special regard to Buddha’s teachings. They wear white garments and only have vegetarian food throughout Vesak. Many people also give money, goods and food to organizations to help the poor, elderly and those who are ill. Buddhists set free caged animals to display care for all living beings as preached by Buddha.|
|Jul Jamat Ul-Vida||01 Aug||As per Islamic mythology and religion it is the last ‘Jumma’ prayer of the month, the last Friday of Ramzan. People say that it arises from the words ‘juma’ and ‘wida’ which mean “gathering” and “farewell” respectively. This refers to the last Friday where people gather together to bid goodbye to the holy period of Ramzan that is close to its end and pray for a peaceful year ahead.|
|Jul Ramzan Id/Eid-ul-Fitar||08 Aug||Eid-ul-Fitr festival starts on the Shawwl (Shawwal) month’s first day. Many Muslims accompany communal prayers and listen to Eid al-Fitr festival’s sermon. Those who have not given the charity identified as Zakat al-Fitr during Ramzan do therefore during Eid al-Fitr. Zakat al-Fitr consisting of a lot of food, such as dates, barley, wheat flour or raisins, or its monetary equivalent is given to needy people in the corresponding community.|
It is evident for Islamic communities to organize communal meals and many Muslims in India also wear new dresses, visit family members, swap Eid cards and give gifts, sweets and small toys to kids.
|Independence Day||15 Aug||Did you know that the first Indian flag was hoisted on 7-Aug-1906 at Parsee Bagan Square in Kolkata? The earliest version of our current nation flag was created by Pingali Venkayya in 1921 at Bezwada. Initially, it had red and green stripes with a white stripe in the middle. Independence Day is a day when people in India pay tribute to their leaders and those who strived for India’s freedom in the history. The period commencing up to Independence Day is a time when major government buildings are decorated with chains of lights and the tricolor trembles from homes and other buildings.|
|Raksha Bandhan (Rakhi)||18 Aug||Rakhi is primarily a sacred thread of protection decked with love and affection of a sister for her brother. This thread of Rakhi is considered as effective than iron chains as it binds the most beautiful relationship in an intimate bond of love and trust. Rakhi festivals also has a cultural significance because it underlines the notion that everybody should live in harmonious coexistence with each other. On this auspicious day, brothers give a promise to their sisters to protect them from all harms and troubles, and the sisters pray to God to protect their brother from all evil. The festival comes on the Shravan Purnima which arrives in the month of August. Sisters tie the Rakhi on their brother’s wrist and pray for their well being and brothers promise to take care of their sisters.|
|Krishna Janmashtami||25 Aug||Krishnashtami, the birthday of Prince Krishna is celebrated with great devotion and energy in India in the month of August. As per Hindu calendar, this festival is celebrated on the Ashtami of Krishna Paksh or the 8th day of a dark fortnight in the Bhadon month. Sri Krishna is considered as one of the most powerful human embodiments of the Lord Vishnu. Lord Krishna was born around 5,200 years ago in Mathura. The sole intention of Sri Krishna’s birth was to relieve the Earth from the wickedness of demons. He executed an important role in Mahabharata and originated the theory of bhakti and good karma which are narrated profoundly in the Bhagwat Geeta.|
|Ganesh Chaturthi||05 Sep||Vinayaka Chaturthi / Ganesh Chaturthi is one of the significant Hindu festivals honored throughout India with great dedication. This day is the birthday of Lord Ganesha, the elephant-headed son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati Devi. Lord Ganesh is the symbol of intelligence, prosperity, and happiness.|
Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated on Shukla Chaturthi of the Hindu month of Bhadra. Hindu people celebrate this festival with a great enthusiasm. People bring idols of Lord Ganesh to their homes and do worship. The duration of this festival ranges from 1 day to 11 days, depending on the place and culture. On the last day of this festival, the idols are taken out in a colorful and musical parade and immersed traditionally in water.
|Bakr Id/Eid ul-Adha||12 Sep||Id-ul-Zuha, one of the festivals that is celebrated with traditional zeal and jollity in India. Many Muslims wear new costumes and visit an outdoor prayer gathering during Id-ul-Zuha. They sacrifice a goat or a sheep and share the meat with house members, neighbors, and the have-nots. Many Muslims feel they have a responsibility to ensure that all Muslims can enjoy a meat-based meal during this holiday.|
|Onam||14 Sep||Onam is celebrated in the beginning of the first month of Malayalam Calendar called Chingam”Kolla Varsham”. This month resembles August-September in Gregorian Calendar and Bhadrapada or Bhadon in Indian (Hindu) Calendar. Onam festival continues for ten days, starting from the day of Atham and finishing on Thiru Onam. Thiru Onam and Atham are the most important days of Onam festivities. The day of Atham is determined by the position of stars.|
|02 Oct||Gandhi Jayanti is observed as a national festival in India. A solemn anniversary signing the birth date of the Father of the Nation Gandhi Ji includes prayer assemblages at the Raj Ghat where he was cremated. People visit Raj Ghat or pay tribute to Gandhi wherever his statues are established. Prayers and Verses are read out from the divine books of all the religions. Gandhi’s favorite song, Raghupati Raghava, is perpetually sung at all the meetings affiliated with him.|
|Dussehra (Vijaya Dashmi)||11 Oct||Dusshera, It′s a period again to get shaded and lost in the religious enthusiasm of Durga festival that is set apart as a standout amongst the most awaited and greatest Indian festival celebrations. It is time for Goddess Durga and Durga Puja, it is one of the main festivals of Bengal, bringing a new hope to the hearts of all Bengalis. Durga Puja on Dusshera festival or Durgotsava starts off a series of festivals which ends with Saraswati Puja.|
|Muharram/Ashura||12 Oct||Muharram / Ashura festival is the first month of the Islam calendar. Muslims fast during daylight hours on the 9th and 10th either 10th and 11th days of the month. They may also serve special prayer gatherings in mosques or homes.|
Not all Muslim societies observe this occasion in the same way. Some Muslims mark Muharram as the month of mourning, remembering the Battle of Karbala. Muharram is primarily an Islamic holiday, but people of other religions may also take part in or witness the Muharram activities in India.
|Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti||16 Oct||Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti celebrates the birthday of Valmiki, a famous poet in India. The important date is in the month of Ashwin (October) on the day of the full moon (Purnima). Valmiki is also addressed as Adi Kavi who discovered the first verse or Sloka of the Sanskrit poetry. He is considered a great saint of the ancient world. His teachings influence people to fight for social justice.|
|Karaka Chaturthi||19 Oct||Karaka Chaturthi, also known as Karva Chauth, one of the festivals after the summer crops have been harvested. It occurs on fourth night after the full moon (October time). People like to trade gifts and socialize with family and friends. Businesses and government offices are open with this restricted holiday. Karaka Chaturthi is a social time to celebrate the harvest. It started out as a time to honor friendships with brides and their god-friends or god-sisters.|
|30 Oct||Diwali is one of the prominent festivals of Hindus, honored with great enthusiasm and delight in India. The festival is observed for five continuous days, where the third days is dedicated as the main Diwali festival or ‘Festival of lights’. The first day of Diwali is termed Dhanvantari Triodasi or Dhanwantari Triodasi also named Dhan Theras. The second day of Diwali is termed Narak Chaturdasi. It is the fourteenth lunar day (Tithi) of the dark fortnight of the Kartik month and the eve of Diwali. On this day Lord Krishna slaughtered the demon Narakasur and declared the world free from fear. The third day of Diwali is the primary Diwali. This is the day when devotions for Mother Lakshmi is performed. On the fourth day of Diwali, people perform Govardhan Pooja. The fifth day of the Diwali is termed Bhratri Dooj. It is a day dedicated to sisters.|
|Jnan Panchami||05 Oct||Gyan Panchami is one of the festivals marked by Jains to recognize the importance of their scriptures. The books stored in the religious libraries are cleaned and worshiped. Rituals involving books and writing tools are performed. Prayers are said for guidance to acquire right knowledge. Gyan Panchami is celebrated as a day of honoring the wisdom and the holy books. In Jainism, this day is a time for students and scholars to celebrate Jnana, the divine or transcendent knowledge or wisdom. It is a day of worship of pure knowledge.|
|Chhat Puja (Surya Sashthi / Pratihar Sashthi)||06 Nov||Chhath puja has a great significance in the Hindu religion and it is believed that the oldest Purohits were asked by the kings to come and perform the fabulous puja of the Lord Sun. They chant the classical Rigveda texts and a mixture of hymns for worshiping the Sun. In the ancient, Chhath puja were observed by Draupadi and Pandavas of Hastinapur (New Delhi) for solving their immediate problem and regaining their lost kingdom. It is also thought that the Chhath puja was first begun by the Surya Putra, Karna. He was a great warrior and had ruled over the Anga Desh (Munger district of Bihar) during the Mahabharata period.|
|Guru Tegh Bahadur’s Martyrdom Day||24 Nov||Guru Tegh Bahadur’s Martyrdom Day is one of the festivals observed each year on November 24. This day commemorates the death anniversary of the ninth Guru of the Sikhs – Guru Tegh Bahadur. The Sikhs lovingly cherish Teg Bahadur for his ultimate sacrifice to uphold the principle of freedom to observe one’s religion.|
The Sikhs consider this to be one of the most important days in their religious calendar. His followers lovingly call him “Hind Di Chaadar” or “The Shield of India.”
|Milad un-Nabi/Id-e-Milad||12 Dec||This Eid festival honors the Prophet Muhammad’s (or Mohammad) birth and celebrates his teachings. Many people take green flags or banners or wear green bands or items of clothes when participating in these events. The color green symbolizes paradise and Islam. Many Kashmiri Muslims rally at the Hazratbal shrine in Srinagar, which is in the Indian territory of Jammu and Kashmir. It lines a hair that is considered to have come from the Prophet Mohammad. Numerous people tend prayers at the memorial on the night before Milad-un-Nabi. The trace is illustrated in the mosque after the morning prayers. It was demonstrated through the town in previous years.|
|24 Dec||Christmas Eve, also known as the Wake of Christmas, is regarded as the conclusion of the Advent season. Christmas Eve is the day earlier Christmas Day and is organized with honoring Jesus Christ’s birth, although his actual birth date has been contradicted among many scholars. Nevertheless, many Christmas customs that are around today have their origins in pagan wintertime festivals. These involve the importance of candles and decorations made from evergreen bushes and trees, signifying everlasting light and life.|
In Roman times, a mid-winter festival was carried. This is a relaxing time with some parties and merry composition. It was also customary to give other people modest gifts, such as dolls for kids and candles for grown-ups. This festivals crowned with the celebration of the winter solstice, which fell on December 25 in the Roman calendar.
|25 Dec||Christmas or Christmas Day is an anniversary festival celebrating the birth of Jesus Christ, commemorated most commonly on December 25 as a cultural and religious celebration among billions of people in India. It is the most remarkable days of the year for Christians, simultaneously with Easter during the death and rebirth of Jesus are commemorated. The annual fall of preparing for Christmas is named Advent and begins on a Sunday about four weeks before Christmas.|