Guru Tegh Bahadur’s Martyrdom Day
Guru Tegh Bahadur’s Martyrdom Day is one of the festivals observed each year on November 24. This was an extremely important event in the history of Sikhism that had a great influence on the future path of Sikhism. The ninth Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur initiated the greatest sacrifice for the protection of the substantial fundamental of human rights i.e., the right of a person to freely practice his or her religion without hindrance or interference. The Sikhs lovingly embrace Teg Bahadur for his sacrifice to uphold the principle of freedom to observe one’s religion.
The Sikhs consider this to be one of the most important days in their religious calendar. His followers affectionately call him “Hind Di Chaadar” or “The Shield of India.”
Nowadays we mind to take this freedom for granted but in 1675 millions of people were rejected this fundamental right. There was enforced conversion of religion; many thousands were slaughtered for denying to change their religion.
His works are included in Adi Granth from pages 219 to 1427. They cover a wide range of topics, such as the human attachments, nature of God, body, mind, dignity, sorrow, death, deliverance and service. He contributed many psalms to the Guru Granth Sahib comprising the Saloks approaching the end of the Guru Granth Sahib. Guru Tegh Bahadur traveled several parts of Mughal Empire and was requested by Gobind Sahali to build some Sikh temples in the Mahali.
His achievements include 15 ragas, 116 shabads and his bhagats are ascribed with 782 compositions that are part of bani in Sikhism.