Romain Rolland “A lifelong pacifist” was one of the few influential French writers to recall his pacifist internationalist implications and he moved to Switzerland. He protested against the First World War in Au-Dessus de la Mêlée (1915), Above the Battle (Chicago, 1916). His book on Gandhi contributed to the Indian nonviolent leader’s reputation, and the two men met in 1931.

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His first book was published in 1902 when he was 36 years old. As a humanist, he comprised the work of the philosophers of India (“Conversations with Mohandas Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore“). Rolland was strongly inspired by the Vedanta philosophy of India, originally through the works of Swami Vivekananda.